By Frank T. Reuter
At the shut of the Spanish-American conflict the USA chanced on itself in ownership of a colonial empire. The position performed by means of the yankee Catholic Church in influencing administrative coverage for the recent, and predominately Catholic, dependencies is the topic of this incisive research via Frank T. Reuter.
Reuter discusses the centuries-old tricky involvement of the Spanish crown and the local Roman Catholic Church within the civil, social, and charitable associations of Cuba, Puerto Rico, Guam, and the Philippines. He explores the makes an attempt of usa officers to use the conventional doctrine of separation of church and kingdom in resolving the issues of a Church-run university method, the alleged desecration of local Catholic church buildings through American forces within the Philippines, the local antagonism towards the Spanish friars, and the disposition of Church estate in dependencies with a deeply rooted correlation among the Catholic Church and the state.
Recounting the improvement of the Catholic Church in the US, which felt answerable for retaining the islands’ non secular constitution after Spanish regulate used to be got rid of, Reuter sees the response of the Church to the battle with Spain and to colonial coverage within the early postwar interval as voiced no longer by means of a monolithic political strength, yet via various spokesmen—in specific the unofficial voice of the Catholic press. He lines the expansion of the Church within the usa from a disparate staff of dioceses clinging to eu backgrounds, disunited by means of a divided hierarchy, and attacked by means of the wave of the anti-Catholic, nativistic sentiments of the final 20 years of the 19th century, to a church physique unified by way of the issues within the colonies. Catholic opinion, even if now not applied to its complete political strength, accomplished a typical concentration during the formation of the Federation of yank Catholic Societies and the controversy in Congress over the Philippine executive Bill.
This learn of yank and local Catholic attitudes towards the formula of usa coverage within the insular dependencies and the angle of the us govt towards the Catholic pursuits within the dependencies information the interaction of personalities and enterprises: Presidents William McKinley and Theodore Roosevelt; William Howard Taft, civil governor of the Philippines; James Cardinal Gibbons, moderator among Catholic factions and authentic spokesman of the hierarchy to the Papacy and the U.S. govt; Archbishop Placide L. Chapelle, apostolic delegate of the Vatican to the Philippines; Archbishop John eire, good friend of President McKinley; the Philippine Commissions; and the Taft project to the Vatican in 1902.
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